From trade wars to impeachment inquiries, investors had a lot to ponder during the third quarter. Toward the end of September, they appeared to become more cautious, although it's difficult to say which issues weighed most heavily. Here are a few questions they may have been asking:
Is recession looming closer?
While there are signs of slower economic growth - including last week's weakening economic data - the chance of the economy moving into a recession during the next 12 months remained relatively low, according to the New York Federal Reserve. It put the probability of recession by August 2020 at 38 percent. In other words, the likelihood there would not be a recession was 62 percent.
"We would recommend a little less focus on the 'recession on/off' debate and position on a slowdown thesis," suggested a research director cited by Barron's.
Will the United States-China trade war end?
The ongoing and escalating trade war with China created an environment of uncertainty for American businesses during the third quarter of 2019. Lack of clarity could slow economic growth. The Economist reported,
"In boardrooms across America, business people are scrambling to assess the impact of the latest escalation in the commercial confrontation between the two superpowers...Most companies make plans over a five- to ten-year horizon and invest in assets with a life of 10-20 years. But with each new tariff announcement, the rules for trading their products become less stable."
Investors remain concerned about the potential impact of trade on global growth, too. Last week, the World Trade Organization downgraded its forecast for global trade growth in 2019 and 2020, reported the Washington Post.
How much risk do I want to take?
The prospect of slower growth at home and abroad appears to have affected investors' appetite for risk. This was apparent late in the third quarter when some highly anticipated initial public offerings (IPOs) were delayed. (IPOs occur when private companies offer shares of stock to the public.)  Yahoo!Finance explained,
"...the recent IPO run is telling us that retail investors (you, a regular person) and institutional investors...are becoming less interested in taking on that risk. If it was once appealing to buy shares in a hot tech name that isn't yet making money and won't necessarily make money for a long time, it isn't very appealing anymore."
What is the bond market trying to tell us?
Around the world, about $17 trillion worth of bonds are offering negative yields. The number grew by $3.1 trillion in August, reported the Financial Times (FT). Governments in Europe and Japan are the primary issuers of bonds offering yields below zero. However about $1 trillion of corporate bonds have negative yields, too."
"US dollar-denominated debt accounts for roughly 90 percent of all bonds that still have a positive yield, according to Bank of America," wrote FT, which also pointed out that real Treasury yields, which are yields minus inflation, have edged into negative territory.
Will the impeachment inquiry affect stock markets?
The impeachment inquiry is unlikely to overshadow key economic indicators, but it increases uncertainty and that won't help companies or investors. Yahoo!Finance cited strategists at JP Morgan Chase who wrote,
"Despite the drama this process will inject into the rest of the President's first term, there is little justification for altering asset allocation now, unless one thinks that this issue is the decisive one that tips the US economy into sub-trend growth and/or a profits recession...To us, impeachment more seems yet another constraint on returns over the next year, given the newer uncertainties created around international and domestic policy."
You know what they say: Markets hate uncertainty. As a result, markets may remain volatile for some time.
S&P 500, Dow Jones Global ex-US, Gold, Bloomberg Commodity Index returns exclude reinvested dividends (gold does not pay a dividend) and the three-, five-, and 10-year returns are annualized; the DJ Equity All REIT Total Return Index does include reinvested dividends and the three-, five-, and 10-year returns are annualized; and the 10-year Treasury Note is simply the yield at the close of the day on each of the historical time periods. Sources: Yahoo! Finance, Barron's, djindexes.com, London Bullion Market Association. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Indices are unmanaged and cannot be invested into directly. N/A means not applicable.
SMALL THINGS CAN CHANGE THE WORLD
A Planet Money staffer asked a couple of Harvard professors what small things they would do to improve the world. These two ideas are counterintuitive, but backed by science.
Sign forms at the top rather than the bottom
Signing at the top focuses the mind on the importance of honesty, said Business Professor Francesca Gino. In one study with 13,000 participants, people who signed at the top of an insurance form were more truthful about how many miles they drove.Have one line at supermarkets. In banks, a single line leads to all cash registers. Health Economics Professor Kate Baicker said it should work that way at supermarkets, too. "There's a whole branch of operations research that goes back, like, a hundred years about how to get throughput most efficiently through a system. If we all wait in one line, the average wait time is the same, but the variance goes away. Nobody wins, nobody loses."
If you could, what small change would you make in the world?
Weekly Focus - Think About It
"Act as if what you do makes a difference. It does."
-- William James, Philosopher and psychologist
Greg Clifton, ChFC, CFP®, MBA
817-763-5091 - office
800-886-5091 - toll-free
817-737-5091 - fax
Securities offered through Registered Representatives of Cambridge Investment Research, Inc., a broker-dealer, member FINRA/SIPC. Advisory services offered through Cambridge Investment Research Advisors, Inc., a Registered Investment Advisor. Clifton Capital Partners, Inc. and Cambridge are not affiliated. The information in this email is confidential and its intended solely for the addressee. If you are not the intended addressee and have received this email in error, please reply to the sender to inform them of this fact. We cannot accept trade orders through email. Important letters, email, or fax messages should be confirmed by calling 817-763-5091. This email service may not be monitored every day, or after normal business hours.
P.S. Please feel free to forward this commentary to family, friends, or colleagues. If you would like us to add them to the list, please reply to this e-mail with their e-mail address and we will ask for their permission to be added.
* This newsletter was prepared by Peak Advisor Alliance. Peak Advisor Alliance is not affiliated with the named broker/dealer.
* The Standard & Poor's 500 (S&P 500) is an unmanaged group of securities considered to be representative of the stock market in general.
* The 10-year Treasury Note represents debt owed by the United States Treasury to the public. Since the U.S. Government is seen as a risk-free borrower, investors use the 10-year Treasury Note as a benchmark for the long-term bond market.
* Gold represents the London afternoon gold price fix as reported by the London Bullion Market Association.
* The DJ Commodity Index is designed to be a highly liquid and diversified benchmark for the commodity futures market. The Index is composed of futures contracts on 19 physical commodities and was launched on July 14, 1998.
* The DJ Equity All REIT TR Index measures the total return performance of the equity subcategory of the Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) industry as calculated by Dow Jones.
* Yahoo! Finance is the source for any reference to the performance of an index between two specific periods.
* Opinions expressed are subject to change without notice and are not intended as investment advice or to predict future performance.
* Past performance does not guarantee future results.
* You cannot invest directly in an index.
* Consult your financial professional before making any investment decision.
* This informational email is an advertisement and you can opt out of receiving future emails by responding with "Opt Out" in the subject field or follow the Unsubscribe instructions below
https://www.barrons.com/articles/dow-jones-industrial-average-battles-back-as-recession-fears-recede-51570238255?mod=hp_DAY_3 (or go to https://peakcontent.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/+Peak+Commentary/10-07-19_The_Dow_Was_Getting_Whacked_Until_It_Wasn't._Here's+Why_2.pdf)
https://www.economist.com/finance-and-economics/2019/08/15/the-trade-war-is-leading-some-firms-to-crimp-investment (or go to https://peakcontent.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/+Peak+Commentary/10-07-19_The_Trade_War_is_Leading_some_firms_to_crimp_investment_3.pdf)
https://www.ft.com/content/4e030886-ca97-11e9-af46-b09e8bfe60c0 (or go to https://peakcontent.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/+Peak+Commentary/10-07-19_How_Markets_Become_Curiouser_And_Curiouser_in_August_6.pdf)